Passover Stuffed Cabbage Rolls

By Chanie Apfelbaum

There’s nothing like Passover to remind us where we come from. In many Jewish homes, Passover traditions are carried down from father to son, establishing the family’s customs and setting the standards for their Passover pantry.

When I was growing up, my family’s standards were quite stringent. We did not eat any processed ingredients, and we used only produce that could be peeled. My mother prepared simple syrup in place of sugar, and we seasoned our dishes minimally with kosher salt, no spices allowed. Thankfully, I married into a family whose customs were slightly more lenient. My in-laws allow a variety of fruits and vegetables, including cabbage, as well as some minimally processed foods, like tomato sauce.

When I spent Passover with my in-laws last year, I decided to pay homage to my roots by adapting my grandmother’s stuffed cabbage recipe for the holiday. While my grandmother would never have made this recipe for Passover, to me, it signifies the union of my husband’s familial customs with my Eastern European heritage. And that is precisely how we celebrate Passover. 

Stuffed cabbage is popular in Ukraine and is known as Holubtsi, which literally translates as “little pigeons.” Make some in solidarity with the Jews who were forced to flee their homes during this year’s Russia-Ukraine war. 


  • 1 head of green cabbage
  • 1 pound ground beef
  • 1 heaping cup leftover mashed potatoes
  • 1 small onion, grated
  • 1 egg
  • Salt and pepper, to taste

For the sauce:

  • 2 15-ounce cans tomato sauce
  • 1 Granny Smith apple, peeled and grated
  • 1 large tomato, finely chopped
  • ⅓ cup sugar
  • Juice of 1 lemon
  • Salt and pepper, to taste


  1. Place the cabbage in the freezer overnight (about 12 hours). Remove and place in a colander in the sink to defrost. This makes the cabbage pliable for rolling and stuffing. 
  2. Remove the outer leaves of the cabbage and discard. Peel the remaining large leaves, taking care not to tear the cabbage as you go. Set the whole leaves aside and chop up the remaining cabbage for later.
  3. In a bowl, combine the ground beef, potatoes, onion, egg, salt and pepper. Set aside.
  4. Set up a stuffing station with your whole cabbage leaves and ground beef mixture. With a paring knife, trim the thick part of the stem off the base of the leaves, taking care not to cut through the rest of the leaf. Place the leaves upright so that they are curling upward like a bowl.
  5. Place a small handful of filling toward the base of each leaf and fold over the leaf from the left side. Roll the cabbage leaf up and, using your finger, stuff the loose end of the leaf inward, pushing it into the center. Rolling the cabbage this way ensures that they hold together nicely during cooking.
  6. Continue with remaining leaves. If you have any leftover filling, simply roll them into meatballs to place in the pot alongside the cabbage rolls.
  7. Place the stuffed cabbage rolls in a large pot and cover with sauce ingredients. If you had any leftover cabbage or meatballs, add them to the pot as well.
  8. Bring the sauce to a gentle boil over medium heat and reduce to a simmer. Cover the pot, leaving it slightly open so that the steam does not force the cabbage rolls to open. Cook for approximately 2 to 2½ hours, until cabbage is tender and sauce has thickened.

VARIATION: For unstuffed cabbage soup, shred the cabbage and roll the meat into balls. Place everything into a pot and continue as above.

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